SO1050 SOCIOLOGY

Sociologists research deviance and crime, or politics and the economy? How do these concepts affect the healthcare industry?

 

                    
Crime and the Legal System
Answer the questions below.

1. The sociological term for a spoiled or devalued social identity is __________.

Select only one.

☐ clique

☐ deviance

☐ crime

☐ stigma

2. From a sociological perspective, definitions of deviance originate_______________.

Select only one.

☐ in the specific behavior or condition

☐ with the people who witness or judge the behavior

☐ in legal and civil statutes or regulations

☐ with the identity of the person whose behavior is in question

3.  A __________ is a behavior that violates criminal law and is punishable with fines, jail terms, and/or other negative sanctions.

Select only one.

☐ stigma

☐ deviant act

☐ crime

☐ stigma

4. The vast majority of criminal cases are never tried in court.

Select only one.

☐ True

☐ False

5. __________ seeks to return offenders to the community as law-abiding citizens by providing therapy or vocational or educational training. Offenders are treated, not punished, so that they will not continue their criminal activity.

Select only one.

☐ Retribution

☐ Incapacitation

☐ Rehabilitation

☐ Deterrence

6. Based on your opinion after reading the text, what is an example of a societal response to crime and

deviance?

Type  answer here

7. In your opinion, should individuals who commit non-violent crimes (ex: drug abuse) go to jail or rehab? Explain.

Type  answer here

 

Politics and the Economy
Answer the questions below.

8. __________ is the social institution through which power is acquired and exercised by various groups and individuals.

Select only one.

☐ Government

☐ Economics

☐ Politics

☐ Religion

9. In contemporary societies, the government is the primary political system.

Select only one.

☐ True

☐ False

10. __________ is the formal organization that has the legal and political authority to regulate the relationships among members of a society and between that society and those outside its borders.

Select only one.

☐ Government

☐ Economics

☐ Politics

☐ The military

11. The ideal types of authority identified by Max Weber include ___________.

Select only one.

☐ charismatic authority

☐ familial authority

☐ coercive authority

☐ relational authority

12. The unemployment rate takes into account ________________________.

Select only one.

☐ all people who do not work for pay

☐ only people who are actively looking for a job

☐ all people between the ages of 18 and 65

☐ only males with a high school degree or higher level of education

13. Describe the differences between power and authority.
Type  answer here

14. Define and compare the concepts of a profession and an occupation.

Define profession:

Type answer here

Define occupation:

Type answer here

Compare:

Type answer here

 

Reflection
Reflect on this week’s readings regarding crime policies and “Get Tough on Crime” measures to help you respond to the question below. You may choose to respond in writing or by recording a video!

As a future healthcare professional, reflect on your thoughts regarding the punishment of drug offenders. Should these individuals be treated or incarcerated?

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